• Revise the restitution mechanism to include minimizing court fees and increasing efforts to ensure victims receive reparation. • Significantly increase anti-trafficking training for law enforcement officials on working with victims, evidence collection, and understanding psychological coercion. ANITP continued to publish yearly reports and statistics on trafficking and organized 85 awareness campaigns, compared with 36 in 2018, aimed at educating youth and adults looking for jobs abroad. From the 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. Traffickers subjected some children to trafficking while in the care of the state, particularly in small towns. Illegal Arms 2. Minors represent nearly 50 percent of identified trafficking victims in Romania. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. Romanian victims abroad received free travel documents issued by Romanian embassies; however, the government did not pay for repatriation expenses, resulting in NGOs and an international organization having to absorb the costs. "Since the beginning of the mandate of the current leadership team of the Ministry, we have shown a constant concern for combating human trafficking. In other words, they sent a clear signal to the underworld that they can do whatever they please, and it doesn't matter if they knew what they were doing or not," said Predoiu. The project „Combating trafficking in persons and sex tourism – ETTS” was co-financed by the European Commission and implemented in 4 states from Europe (Italy, Romania, Spain) and Latin America (Brasil), being under the coordination of the Municipality from Genoa, Italy. Courts convicted 120 traffickers in 2019, continuing a multi-year decline from 130 in 2018 and 222 in 2017. The Border Police General Inspectorate organized three trainings for 15 border police officers that focused on working with vulnerable persons and combating trafficking. • Proactively identify potential victims, especially among vulnerable populations, such as migrants and asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, and children in government-run institutions, through enhanced training for police officers and labor inspectors on recognizing indicators of exploitation. With the support of the United States, they have made sustained efforts to prosecute human trafficking offences, but more needs to be done," he said.Zuckerman said the US report was correct, but fortunately the number of prosecutions was steadily rising. Since Romania joined the European Union it has been actively taking strides to decrease the prevalence of trafficking within the country and as a source country for trafficking throughout the region. You won't be able to hide, it's over," said the US ambassador.Zuckerman called on the leadership of the Romanian Parliament to adopt, together with the government, the legislation necessary to combat this scourge. These cases have induced complex documentation that has resulted in the dismantling of specialized networks in both sexual assault and labor exploitation. JusMin Predoiu: Human trafficking and organised crime have reached intolerable levels. The report lists states, “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. According to some NGOs, police remained unresponsive to reports of labor trafficking, and labor inspectors lacked the competency for detecting trafficking and the legal authority for unannounced inspections to several categories of worksites. Romania prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through Law No. In 2019, authorities identified no foreign victims among refugees and asylum-seekers, but observers estimated there were dozens of cases. Important Documents. Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. In 2019, the General Inspectorate for Immigration conducted information sessions for asylum-seekers and foreign citizens studying in Romania about work regulations and the duties of employers. persons during the reporting period through raising public awareness of human traf!cking and implementing its National Plan for Combating Human Trafficking for 2010-2015; however, the government did not reform Qatar’s sponsorship law, which contributes to forced labor in the country. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in … Organised crime gangs have shamelessly trafficked people, knowing that they will escape unpunished, as happened many times in the past. • Amend legislation to allow authorities to sanction recruiting agencies for crimes contributing to trafficking. The total number of identified trafficking victims in the period 2011-2015 was 4,622 (2011: 1,048; 2012: 1,041; 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Trafficking in Persons Report -Report Home Page Released by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons June 12, 2007 Country Narratives -- Countries Q through Z. QATAR (Tier 3) Qatar is a destination for men and women trafficked for the purposes of involuntary servitude and, to a lesser extent, commercial sexual exploitation. The government continued to use donor funding to train police and prosecutors to organize a series of anti-trafficking training programs during the reporting period. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. • Significantly increase resources for, and the quality of, specialized victim services for children, including by training local child protection officers who work with victims and ensuring they have the necessary resources, such as funding. • Amend legislation to allow authorities to sanction recruiting agencies for crimes contributing to trafficking. As in previous years, government data did not differentiate between cases exclusively related to trafficking or cases related to other crimes, such as pandering. While the government did not collect data on complicit officials, NGOs, journalists, and human rights activists reported alleged complicity in trafficking crimes by government officials, particularly with officials exploiting minors and acting as accomplices to traffickers. Our mission is to rescue and protect children from child trafficking and exploitation across the globe. While the criminal code prohibited Romania-based recruitment companies from facilitating the exploitation of citizens abroad, the government did not have the power to punish recruitment agencies for crimes that contribute to trafficking, such as illegal recruitment fees. The current state of human trafficking and organised crime in Romania is threatening its citizens and their fundamental rights. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 Check out the more recent 2020 country report here and possibly a later, full TIP Report here : CAUTION: The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Romania. Romania. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. • Amend regulations to exempt all trafficking victims who testify in trials from the online disclosure of their names to protect participating witnesses from retaliation and stigma and incentivize greater victim participation in prosecutions. Articles 210 and 211 of the penal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of three to 10 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Many agents and sub-organizations, both in the public and private sphere are involved. The European Commission Eurostat Trafficking in human beings 2013. Below we list the comparative figures for Italy, Romania and the United Kingdom in the 2012 UN report. These efforts included identifying significantly more trafficking victims, participating in twice as many international investigations, and conducting more awareness campaigns. An estimated 313,500 people, have been identified as being trafficked for begging, Seven victims of Romanian origin were brought to safety, among them two minors. The media reported a transnational trafficking network used bribes and pressure to induce the police into hiring an officer to serve in the General Police Inspectorate. Perennial problems of abuse and neglect of institutionalized children, coupled with the lack of proactive identification in government facilities, left children in placement centers vulnerable to trafficking. According to Trafficking in Persons Report 2020, the Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. A total of 29 potential victims, aged between 20 and 40 years, were recovered in London and brought to safety. Zuckerman referenced the US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report for 2019, released last June, which noted Romania’s lack of progress in fighting human trafficking. • Increase the quality of psychological counseling and improve access to medical assistance for victims. Trafficking of people has not been recognised as a particular sort of worldwide crime until recently and therefore it still comes under the UN office on drugs and crime rather than a separate department of its own. Observers reported authorities did not proactively identify victims, particularly among vulnerable populations, such as individuals in commercial sex. Authorities did not adequately screen for trafficking indicators or identify victims among vulnerable populations, such as asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, or children in government-run institutions. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. However, if victims did not obtain restitution in court, the government could reimburse for expenses related to hospitalization, material damage caused by the traffickers, and revenues victims lost while being trafficked. Of these, 33 per cent – or 848 – experienced sexual exploitation. Prosecutors indicted 347 alleged traffickers, compared with 399 in 2018 and 362 in 2017. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. Trafficking for sexual exploitation is also believed to be the most profitable form of modern slavery, with each victim generating almost 10 times the profits for their exploiter than the average level, according to research. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Observers also reported authorities fined persons in commercial sex, even if they were minors, without looking for trafficking indicators. Authorities in Romania and Spain have taken action against an Organised Criminal Group (OCG) suspected of human trafficking, pimping and money laundering. Please contact us! • Significantly increase resources for, and the quality of, specialized victim services for children, including by training local child protection officers who work with victims and ensuring they have the necessary resources, such as funding. Source: https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-trafficking-in-persons-report/romania/. If things have reached this intolerable point, it is because those who led at that time the Ministry of Interior, Carmen Dan, the Chamber of Deputies head, Liviu Dragnea, the Ministry of Justice - Florin Iordache, did not take measures in due time, pretended not to see this phenomenon, destroyed the legislation that strengthened justice, paralyzed the investigative capacity of the prosecutor's offices, discouraged the action of the policemen. According to the Government Decision no. • Expand efforts to train officials involved in judicial proceedings, particularly judges, on working with trafficking cases and victims, sensitivity to trafficking issues, and understanding all forms of trafficking. Traffickers subject institutionalized children, particularly girls living in government-run homes and placement centers for disabled persons, to sex trafficking. The Organized Crime and Terrorism Investigation Directorate (DIICOT) and the Department for Combating Organized Crime (DCCO) were responsible for investigating and prosecuting trafficking cases. The law entitled victims to reparation from their traffickers; however, victims generally could not afford the fees necessary to initiate civil trials or, in cases in which judges ordered restitution, to pay court officers to collect the money owed from traffickers. Despite children representing 47 percent of identified victims, these shelters did not offer specialized services and frequently re-traumatized children. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Romania, and traffickers exploit victims from Romania abroad. Experts report a rise in Romanian … When justice for those who are vulnerable dies, civil society must stand up for democratic legal institutions! • Increase the number of police officers investigating trafficking crimes and financial investigators specializing in trafficking cases. Of these victims, 327 were minors. ""One of the priorities of the United States is to advocate for the rule of law. Widespread complicity and the failure to incriminate officials hampered effective law enforcement. A number of 11 organised groups were closed down, and 79 people were detained. The law also permitted foreign victims who cooperated with authorities to receive a renewable, six-month temporary residence permit. of trafficking networks.4 Currently, Romania’s anti-trafficking legislation does not fully comply with international standards. DCCO continued to operate with limited staff due to provisions adopted by the previous government on the early retirement of police officers, which required 30 percent of the workforce to retire in 2018. Authorities placed child victims in general child facilities or in facilities for children with disabilities run by child protection services. The process presented logistical and financial hurdles for many trafficking victims; NGOs also covered those costs. human trafficking on the rise in romania. Authorities used the existing national victim identification and referral mechanism to identify and refer victims. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. Victims from outside the EU were mainly from Nigeria and China. Law in Romania forbids any kind of sale of persons; however, these laws are far from stopping human trafficking. In addition, the EU Strategy on eradicating human trafficking 2012-2016 identifies five key ways to do this: The Romanian government has shown some commitment to combat trafficking but has been criticized for failing to fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report ranks Romania as a Tier 2 country, that is, a country that has made ‘significant efforts’ to meet the standards in the Trafficking Victims Romanian Business News - ACTMedia :: Services|About us|Contact| RSS. The Romanian mafia is an intricate network, which spans across Europe, specialising in sex trafficking. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. Romanians represent a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. (...) The specialized structures of the Interior Ministry carried out, together with the DIICOT [Directorate for Investigating Organized Crime and Terrorism] prosecutors and in their own criminal investigation cases, over 50 operative actions, of which 24 were large-scale. Authorities often charged suspected traffickers for crimes other than trafficking, such as pandering and pimping. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. In parallel coordinated operations, four suspects have been arrested and six locations searched. Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including migrants from Africa, Europe, and South and Southeast Asia, exploited in the construction, hotel, and food-processing industries. Romani children, as young as 12 years old, are particularly vulnerable to forced begging and sex trafficking. Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012. • Proactively identify potential victims, especially among vulnerable populations, such as migrants and asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, and children in government-run institutions, through enhanced training for police officers and labor inspectors on recognizing indicators of exploitation. In 2014, Romania was listed as a Tier 2 country. Romania. TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR BEGGING – ROMANIA STUDY 7 Foreword The 2012 ILO Global Report on Trafficking in Persons estimates that 20.9 million people are in forced labour around the world – including trafficked human beings, estimated at 2.5 million. In May 2019, DIICOT indicted the former police chief of a southeastern Romanian town for allegedly protecting a trafficking network while leading the local police inspectorate. Human trafficking is a major problem in the EU and a priority for Europol and law enforcement agencies in EU Member States. One of the main techniques employed by traffickers is known as the “lover boy method”. A Europol priority. Based on information gathered during the identification process, authorities informed victims of the services available to them, after which victims decided the services they preferred and consented to the referral process. However, the government … The Trafficking in Persons Report, or the TIP Report, is an annual report issued by the U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.It ranks governments based on their perceived efforts to acknowledge and combat human trafficking.. The National Authority for the Protection of Children’s Rights and Adoption (ANPDCA) reported that child protection services in most counties did not have the expertise and resources to offer services tailored to the special needs of trafficking victims. In 2019, 49 percent (339) of identified victims received assistance from public institutions, public-private partnerships, and NGOs, compared with 48 percent in 2018 and 46 percent in 2017. These statistics included victims from ongoing investigations and prosecutions initiated in previous years. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. The government made efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts, including awareness campaigns aimed at educating purchasers on the role and demand of sex trafficking in commercial sex. NGOs also covered victims’ emergency medical care costs because the government lacked financial assistance, and medical care required payment upfront. The 2018 UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons is the fourth of its kind mandated by the General Assembly through the 2010 United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons. During the reporting period, a court acquitted 25 alleged traffickers in the notorious “Tandarei” child trafficking case, in which the court tried the alleged traffickers under a law that provided lesser penalties and a shorter statute of limitations. There will be no refuge for human traffickers, not in Romania, not in the United States, not in Europe, nowhere. • Allocate adequate financial resources for the implementation of the 2018-2022 national strategy and national action plan. The Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. A new administration came into office in November 2019 and committed to reforming judicial structures; however, existing law enforcement deficiencies and knowledge gaps impeded progress. Annual report on trafficking in persons (covering April 2019 to March 2020) 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report: Romania (Periodical Report, English) Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. In other words, this situation has a culprit - it is the former PSD government. "However, members of the government know that they face a legacy of politics, corruption and criminal networks that impede their every move. These efforts included identifying significantly more trafficking victims, participating in twice as many international investigations, and conducting more awareness campaigns. 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Romania, together with Ireland, is the only EU country put in the so-called Tier 2-Watch List of the US Government’s 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report. In one of the largest child trafficking rings uncovered in Europe, more than 100 people were convicted in the UK over an operation in which dozens of minors were forced to beg and steal. NGOs reported, while the legal sphere developed some sensitivity to trafficking victims’ situations, some police officers and judges continued to lack specialized training and sensitivity toward sex trafficking cases and trafficking issues, including a basic understanding of trafficking. The case resulted from a 2009-2010 joint investigation with the United Kingdom (UK) into a Romanian trafficking network, which Europol considered one of the biggest in Europe; the traffickers recruited hundreds of children from poor Roma communities in the southern part of the country and exploited them in the UK in forced begging or forced theft. 3 Romania Introduction Romania is mainly a country of origin for victims of trafficking in persons. Trafficking in Persons Report 2020 View the Report Message From the Secretary of State As this 20th anniversary report is released, we and our allies and partners find ourselves confronting a crisis that has reached previously unimagined proportions. While the government relied on NGOs to accommodate and assist victims, it did not allocate grants directly to NGOs due to legislation precluding direct funding. While ANITP drafted a new mechanism in 2018 with the support of NGOs, the government did not implement it during the reporting period. The 2016 Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. Romanian women and children are victims of sex trafficking in Romania and other European … In 2009, the Romanian government minimized the role of the country's principal anti-trafficking arm -- the National Agency Against Trafficking in Persons -- … Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. The Salvation Army says it helped 2,592 victims of modern slavery in the UK last year – a 15 per cent rise on the previous 12 months. Vigorously investigate and prosecute trafficking cases under the trafficking statute and punish convicted traffickers, including complicit officials, with significant prison sentences. • Amend legislation to allow for financial support to NGOs for victim services and develop and institute a formal mechanism for administering the funds. The QFCHT continued to conduct anti-traf!cking awareness campaigns, and it published traf!cking … Anti-trafficking legislation and measures in the Romanian context were triggered mostly by the need to respond to internal trafficking of persons and to the trafficking of human beings for whom Romania is a country of origin. Human trafficking became a topic of public concern in the 1990s due, in part, to the fall of the former Soviet Union, the resulting migration flows, and the increasing concern about the growth of transnational criminal organizations operating globally. From the 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. Romania is a country of origin and country of transit for persons, primarily women and children, trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. 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