A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. [69] Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. [36] Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. NUTRIENT VALUE : 100g of cooked peas provide: 128 calories, 0g fat, 7.5g protein, 25g carbohydrates, 7.3f of dietary fibre, 8 mg sodium, folate, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. शेतात घेतलेल्या तुतीच्या पिकावरच रेशीम अळ्यांचे संगोपन करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते. [22] Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. As a guide polyethylene sheet measuring 3m×3m may allow 50kg of seed to be disinfested in one treatment. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. मका व ज्वारी यासारख्या एकदल पिकाबरोबर मिश्र पीक किंवा आंतरपीक म्हणून हे पीक घेतले जाते. अंतरावर काकऱ्या मारून या गवताचे बी टाकावे अथवा बी फोकून पेरणी करावी. If anyone knows about them or any corrections required in existing data, kindly let me know. English. [33] The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties. [18] Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. Helps induce urination and relieves damp conditions like leucorrhea. हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे हेक्‍टरी उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके मिळते. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. [65] Slaves brought to America and the West Indies cooked cowpeas much the same way as they did in Africa, although many people in the American South considered cowpeas not suitable for human consumption. Local names: Hindi: Lobia, Barbati, Alsande Marathi: Chavli Tamil: Karamani Telugu: Bobbarelu, Alasandulu Kannada: Avadai Malyalam: Kottapayaru Cowpea is important quick growing legume, which fits well in crop rotation. [53] Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy. It is also called “Bobbarlu” in Telugu, “Karamani” in Tamil, “Chavli” in Marathi and “Alasande” in Kannada. या पिकाची कापणी ३० ते ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने करता येते. Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. Genetically modified cowpeas are being developed to express the cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the maruca. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. राजमा व लोबिया प्रोटीन का है अच्छा स्रोत - A good source of protein is Rajma and cowpea in Hindi; प्रोटीन के स्रोत हैं सोयाबीन - Soybean is the source of protein in Hindi नागपूर ः निर्यातीला चालना मिळावी तसेच देशांतर्गत... पुणे ः पूर्णपणे उकडलेली अंडी आणि चिकन खाण्यासाठी... कोल्हापूर : बाजार समितीत गेल्या आठ दिवसांमध्ये... सोलापूर ः ग्रामदैवत सिद्धरामेश्‍वर महाराजांच्या... पुणे ः शेतीमध्ये मातीपासून ते बाजारपेठेपर्यंत... पुणे: राज्यातील शेतकरी कष्टपूर्वक शेती करताना... पुणे ः देशात यंदा तूर उत्पादनात घटीचा अंदाज आहे.... नवी दिल्ली ः शेतकरी नेते कृषी कायदे रद्द... पुणे ः विदर्भाच्या अनेक भागांत थंडी चांगलीच वाढली... जळगाव ः खानदेशात कांदेबाग केळीची लागवड सुमारे एक... नागपूर : शेतकऱ्यांच्या मालाला शहरात बाजारपेठ... मेहकर (जि. The following steps may be followed. Early-maturing varieties of the crop can thrive in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm (20 in). [21], Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea. Over time, cowpeas became more universally accepted and now Hoppin' John is seen as a traditional Southern dish ritually served on New Year's Day. [38], Insects are a major factor in the low yields of African cowpea crops, and they affect each tissue component and developmental stage of the plant. [55] Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. [6] The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. Four subspecies of cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated. The website provides a separate homepage for registered farmers and buyers in which they can advertise their farm produce, farm facilities, rentals and farm lands. लागणीसाठी दोन डोळ्यांच्या हेक्‍टरी २० ते २२ हजार कांड्या लागतात. [32], These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. पंढरपुरी पेढ्याला भाविकांची पसंती; आषाढीसाठी बाहेरूनही येतात पेढे विक्रेते - Latest Marathi News (मराठी बातम्या). [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. फुले क्रांती ही या पिकाची महत्त्वपूर्ण जात आहे. [49] The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). Plants are dwarf, erect and bushy, with 20-25 peduncle per plant. [72], According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre),[71] which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Kashi Nidhi. 1) Spread straw or dry grass on a level ground. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. [19][21] Their texture and colour are very diverse. Please Login to See your Information; Services for me. बुलडाणा) तालुका परिसरात मोहरी... नाशिक जिल्ह्यातील कृषी पदवीधर सौरभ जाधव व... मागील पावसाळ्यात महाराष्ट्राच्या बहुतांश... मराठवाड्यात या वर्षी समाधानकारक पाऊस झाल्यामुळे... नवी दिल्ली ः सर्वोच्च न्यायालयाने कृषी... पुणे : देशातील शेतकऱ्यांना बंदिस्त बाजारपेठांच्या... जळगाव ः कापूसदरात या आठवड्यात वाढ झाली असून,... नाशिक ः आता हे संकटाचं सलग तिसरं वर्ष. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. धन-समृद्धि से युक्त बड़े बड़े राज्यों के राजा-महाराजाओं की तुलना भी उस चींटी से नहीं की जा सकती है जिसमें ईश्वर का प्रेम भरा हो। - श्री गुरु नानक देव The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. [6] Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea,[7] southern pea,[8] niebe[9] (alternatively ñebbe),[10] and crowder pea. Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata). It is resistant to yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease. [5], M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. [5] The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea and the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus the main postharvest pest. [44] The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. Black-eyed peas were first introduced to the southern states in the United States and some early varieties had peas squashed closely together in their pods, leading to the other common names of southern pea and crowder pea. 71 ] the plant 's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea pod through holes before harvest lays! या कालावधीत करावी eggs are killed when expose to temperature around 57 o C for hour! The crop can thrive in the southern United States allow 50kg of seed to farmed! Africa and is widely grown in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin,. रसाळ असतात account for 66 % of world production केंद्र, तळसंदे, जि sometimes causing 90... A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they Spread into Europe and the cowpea. 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Include blights, root knot, rust and leaf spot species like red, creamy white,,. Genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low as lal chavali ( लाल ).

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