That is the reality of cotton farmers in west Africa. Photo by Joseph Opoku Gakpo . Over time, the soil becomes depleted, crop yields become ever poorer, and pests spread. Frost could retard growth and lead to reduced yield in the same way that too little heat could. CmiA then reinvests the licensing revenue towards meeting its objectives, as outlined above. Only the long fibres are used for textile production. In the end, what’s left is barren wasteland and new crop areas need to be developed. These effects can be countered by measures for sustainable cotton growing, as set out and agreed in the criteria of Cotton made in Africa. Cotton is best planted by July in Benue bcos of our vegetation belt. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Your email address will not be published. Large-scale agricultural cultivation of cotton threatens biodiversity in its environment as it is commonly characterised by monocultures, the heavy use of pesticides, and high-water consumption levels. Cotton pests show increasing resistance to the pesticides used. Dorward et al (1998) explain that Africa cotton is almost exclusively grown by smallholder farmers, and there are only very few large plantations. Cotton farming in South Africa is a summer crop. Global market volatility is also problematic, leaving many farmers saddled with debt when prices fall. Part of the global cotton industry sees genetically modified cotton, that protects itself against some pests with its own insecticide, as a solution to this problem. is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium, in the mallow family Malvaceae. You can now greatly increase your chances of geting the loan/investment you need with our bank and investor ready professional MBA standard business plan writing service. Maria Swele with cotton produced on her Loskop Cotton plant where she employs just over 100 people. Growing Season: 2011-12 Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda General Staple Lengths: Short, Medium & Long No. At Cotton made in Africa, we have 15 years of specialist…, We regularly collect and analyse data to monitor the effects of our work on the ground. Because the cotton plant grow up to a meter tall, adequate space is required, and a row spacing of 38 to 40 inches should be adhered to. Cotton is one of the most demanded cash crops in the world because of its uses in the production of fabric in the clothing industry. Planting time depends on the region, climate (soil temperature) and particularly the rainfall in the area. Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. But cotton needs a lot of heat and long frost-free period. Another benefit is that hand picking, unlike machine harvesting, does not use defoliants, so there is less chemical contamination of the cotton. Cotton is a summer crop and is planted in South Africa during October after the fields have been prepared to a fine tilth with adequate soil moisture or by increasing the soil water content by irrigation. According to Cotton SA’s Koot Louw, the eighth local estimate for the 2014/2015 production year indicated a total crop of 96 832 lint bales, up 101% from the previous season, but 4% less than the previous month’s crop estimate due to lower dryland yields. The cultivation methods imparted by Cotton Made in Africa also support smallholder farmers in growing food and thus make an important contribution to food security. I therefore wants to know the best time to start planting and the buyers of the cotton products at harvest. 14) of Cotton made in Africa standard. Cotton made in Africa, which helps smallholder cotton farmers in Africa to improve their living conditions it is native to southern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. The production of cotton in sub-Saharan Africa is characterized by subsistence agriculture and peasant in nature. A diverse agriculture was replaced by a system of large plantations to grow sugar, cotton and tobacco for the European market, under a monoculture system which was usually harmful to the soils after repeated use and left the countries vulnerable to plant diseases sweeping through the entire crop. Download here . Their cotton fetched top prices because its high-quality fibre lent a luxurious sheen to clothing and bedsheets. Agriculture is the backbone of Africa’s economy and accounts for the majority of livelihoods across the continent. And, of course, the consequences of losing biodiversity mainly affect poorer rural sections of the population that are directly dependent on the fertility of the soil. Upland cotton has relatively short fibers. Lastly, I want to know where to get quality seeds of cotton for planting. •Cotton made in Africa(CmiA) 116 •Fairtrade Cotton 122 •Australian Best Management Practices (myBMP) 126 •Organic Cotton 130 •Committee on Sustainability Assessment (COSA) 134 •Field To Market: The Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture 138 •Response-inducing Sustainability Evaluation(RISE) 142 •Sustainability Assessment of Food and Agriculture Systems (SAFA) 146. The seed is introduced into the soil at a depth of between 25 - 40 mm. More than 100,000 US farmers die each year from cancers related to the chemicals. Cotton from Cotton made in Africa is produced by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with CmiA standard criteria. Specifically, this means that the cotton is grown under rain-fed conditions, cultivated using pesticides and fertilisers in an … i need cotton seed. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, Egypt and India. The climate, with its high average temperatures and alternation between dry and wet seasons, favours the cultivation of this natural fibre crop. Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) was founded by the entrepreneur Prof. Dr. Michael Otto in 2005. In the context of SA agriculture, the domestic cotton industry remains small. Cotton farming became a major area of racial conflict in the history of the United States, particularly during the nineteenth century. The aim is to establish organic cotton cultivation in the coun-try. It is planted from October to the end of November and harvested in May - June. It is necessary to think differently in order to reduce negative impacts on humans and the environment, and to maintain diversity in the web of life. Cotton price received by U.S. farmers 1990-2018; Retail price index of cottonseed oil in India 2019; The most important statistics. West Africa The Organic & Fairtrade Cotton Coalition is active in various West African countries, including Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Benin. This variant is local to India and Pakistan, and are used mainly in the production of muslin. Am interested in cotton farming. Thinner strands are produced by the roving (slubbing) process, in which the silver is converted to roving by being pulled and being slightly twisted. Cotton farming is of marginal profitability for many small farmers. It has extra-long fibers which makes it extra soft and extra strong. In this period, the cotton seeds forming inside the capsule are bundles of long fibres (called “staple”) and a layer of shorter, fluffy fibres (called “linter”). But during this process, you need to weed the farmland, to ensure the cotton plants are given optimal growing conditions. Intact habitats are also essential for the genetic diversity of an ecosystem. Cotton production presents a double bind for West African smallholder farmers, providing much-needed cash income through a chemically intensive production system that has a negative effect on human and environmental health. Julius Tillery is the owner of Black Cotton and he is using his cotton farm and the by-products to change the stigma linked to the trade. Please I am planing to start cotton farming and export, but I want start with 10 hectares and what time is the best to plant? The history of cotton can be traced to domestication.Cotton played an important role in the history of India, the British Empire, and the United States, and continues to be an important crop and commodity.. 7 Benefits Of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) For Your Business, How This Former Nigerian Student Built A Million Dollar Mobile Gaming Business, How To Start A Lucrative Candy And Chocolate Production In Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How To Start A Lucrative Ketchup Production Business in Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How A Former Nigerian Public Servant Built a Successful Business Career, How To Start A Lucrative Biscuit Or Cookie Production Business: The Complete Guide, How To Start A Lucrative Ginger Oil Production Business in Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How the Son Of A Nigerian Industrialist Took His Father’s Company To Far Greater Heights, 20+ High Paying Affiliate Programs That Will Make You Money, How To Start A Profitable Affiliate Marketing Site That Makes At Least $500 A Month, How To Start A Cassava Farm In Nigeria: A Comprehensive Business Plan, How To Start A Lucrative Plastic Recycling Company In Nigeria (Comprehensive Guide + E-Book), How To Start A Blog — The Complete Beginner Guide, How To Start A Profitable Fish Farming Business In Nigeria, Cotton farming is a great source of employment, You can earn anywhere from 20% to sometimes over 100% profit margins, trading rubber locally and internationally.